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ac 1

eoac oo y.

a eco, ocyae oe a, oa oeee a-o cocoo ep ocopoee ycpoco - "yo" acc, oa ocya coyc oe ycpoca pee, ye eec oee. accoo pocya oee pec cae eoae ycpoca eo. o oe exec cooe ycpoco, axoeec oee, oe cococoa accoy ocya. B o cce, aepoe, acoo eoac oo y.

o ey pe.

Hapep, oe ycpoco accoo pocya oa cape aoe pe. a eco, paoaax pooo pee eec ypaa cea e poooo cpa a yx pacopax. Bo pe pao pea eo eepo yae pocpaco B-oea. oa cea a eepoa ppye, oea eepoa oypyc o acoe aye. Boae "poo e", ecx ocpyx po ae caooye. ya oy eea, o, pe cepe, ee oe oo eepoa. o o pa ceeoo pacopaopa pee oea oaec po. Ho pe oea e ca ae y - ocpoo paoepeay. o oa o ea ca, pa py peo y e cay epeay, eppy cea ee c cao ocy. Ha xoe oyaec oe ocya ca. Heocao aoo eoa - eoxooc coo peo exe, ceao oo papaoao. 3ao eo oae eaeo caa ye cea eo c a e, o pooae, ocaoo poc poo peec. aee ey ee epec.

Xopo ace o!

Teep o ocya epe epo oo. oo xopoo oxo pe epoae o. B ax oax op oooe pae po epa. O cea ee eoy ocaoy aaeoc , ppy o ece yox o, ao aye eoopy C. Bo aye oo, o cococye ye yceoc. Haoee e o c ayo- coeoo y eaec aca, a apoecoe yae. B ao oe op coeoa cooo opaec a acy, xopoo ocpay y. Ec cee, o eoope ace epoe o a aapeax oo pacpy y oee, ec apaeo oe o pecop copoee 10...100 O. Copoee oo a, o oo e o, a oo cea oac epe pecop. Ca caec c oo pecopa.

ca, ec oca ao pecop oe, o ee oo ye paoa a oo, o xo pa ae ye e e aapey, ooy o oa ye cpo cac. A oa aoec, ce oo.

ac 2

Be pao opoe!

Teep paccop, a oo pocya oeee p oo ooo aa opoco paopac, "paoo". Ee c acox pee yx caa eco oecx eao. Ta e, oo, pacooe a paoo. To ec "yxo ooo paa" axoc epe co.

coae, exaa pee e ooe e copa oa aoey cxey, o oa e oe coa, coye oo oe pee ooe cxe. o paoe, e aace apy cpaoo oy ypao "Pao" "Moec-ocpyop" caocoeo coac ay cxey. Bao a p pao ycpoca.

p paoope epe ao paoo aye aa, a oo pooe, aoc C. aoap oy, o a y aa oe o, yop oo, eo yceoc ooo coa.

oa epe a poeae o paopacoo , aee ae o o eeo coa ya caaec c oo . Ta opao, opa oa ("ocopaa") e aeo aa oe oac o cxoo, pacoo . Paccop o-cxey (pc.1):

Pcyo 1

Ha pecope R1, eo oceoaeo ay, eec apee caa, o ope cooecyee cec oo cao aeeoo e aye aa. o ca ocyae a yce A1 c peypoo yce. eaeo ae peycope peypoy AX (epa). ee, ycoo oaa a aya yoc L1 - o aoa apya . Heoxoo, o oa peeo oo oopa apaep aoecoo aa (yoc copoee). B eae o oe oo ao e a. a paoo aec e apy, a epe coacy pacopaop, axoc opyce poooope. Moo ao e pacopaop, eco aa o ayy yoc, oopay o ye, oye xopoy aoy apyy. ao ca apy caec c pecopa R2. Pecop ooc 1 B, ea R1=R2 cocae ooo 10 O. Ca c pecopa R2 ocyae a yce A2, aao yce A1, a ae a aopaae, paopaa ca pooay (a 180 payco). o aopaae oe ocpaae. poe ceo cxey aopaae epoap pox yox eo yax cpyeo. Moeco ax cxe yoaoc ypae "Moec-ocpyop", oe 70-x - aao 80-x oo, ypae "Pao". Ta e aee cxe ycee.

aee ca pooae ocya a cyaop. B o cyaope ao ac ca paopacoo a xo ocyae co c ca ya oee. o ca ae oo yc, oa a epea- pepacop poco cya ayax.

aee ca pooae ocya a cyaop. B o cyaope ao ac ca paopacoo a xo ocyae co c ca ya oee. o ca ae oo yc, oa a epea- pepacop poco cya ayax.

A eeo o cyae...

pocyae oee epe epe eeo, y oopoo oyea pya, o, oay, aoee ec coco accoo pocya oee, oca ee ypae "Pao" e -ec aa. o eo ee ece o aae "B-aae". Paccop eo pao.

Pcyo 2

Ha o poo eeoo (pc.2) oaec cooaco ca c acoo ooo 150...200 . Bopo o eepaopa aeo aee. Paoye oa eeoa - e oexa. B-ca e poe poeae epe paeey eoc oa, apae eoc oaa, epe poo eeoo py, oypyec e a ya oae oaae o opo poo eeoo . Oya o caec poce eeopo. pe ceao ooe poce pe, o oo c aaoo B, oo aeo ye aeco aoc pea. Hoa eae: R1 - 10...20 O, C1 - 0,1...0,47 , C2 - 4700...6800 ; D1, D2 - 507 aaoe epaee, o e eee opoooe apee.

Hao caa, o xopoo o eo paoae oo co cap eeo aapaa c paoo cxeo yp. 3aa o aoo eoa cea opa ee poe, e ca eo. ocaoo oecaop 0,01 a 160 B apaeo oaa eeoo poe B o poee epe o oecaop, y eeo aapa. Hae, a y, ax oecaopo oaeo cex eeoo aeax coo-y cepex ocyapcex opao. Hecoo oee coe cxe a pee e oeape e pey (pc.3).

3

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